Wednesday, September 28, 2016
I am excited to announce the release of the book Blended Learning in Action: A Practical Guide Toward Sustainable Change, a work I coauthored with two incredible educators Catlin Tucker and Jason Green. This book was born out of a school transformation project which brought me, Catlin, and Jason together. We quickly realized the shared synergy and passion we had for thoughtful, mission-driven, and practical blended learning implementation. We also learned so much from each other as we each brought a different perspective to the conversations and experiences we shared. So, we decided to write a book together! In Blended Learning in Action: A Practical Guide Toward Sustainable Change, we've combined our voices along with many teacher and student voices from various schools to bring a multidimensional and practical perspective to the topic of blended learning.
The book is available for purchase via Corwin, Amazon, and Barnes & Noble in both paperback and digital download. We invite readers to join the conversation via Twitter using the hashtag #blinaction and to connect with us our website http://www.blinaction.com/.
Thursday, August 25, 2016
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In a blended learning environment, students are “in the driver’s seat” for at least part of their learning experience. The more personalized the learning environment is, the greater the proportion of driving time is for students. In order for students to succeed in as drivers, there are certain road rules and navigation tools we need to provide them. Here’s a list of 7 key driver’s ed learning objectives to develop responsible student driver habits.
- Establish the Roadmap: Take time to explain to students where all the important destinations are within the digital learning landscape. At the beginning of the process, these should be just a few sites which can provide practice for students to make productive learning choices in their journeys. Students benefit from having a clear understanding of where they can go and what paths are off limits during class time. Since students have a multitude of sites they can justify as “educational gaming” sites (often validly!) it would be helpful to generate a list together and identify those which have value for now and even perhaps those which could be allowed later.
- Make an Ethics Compass: Since the digital learning landscape is so vast, students will inevitably encounter decision points where they see something and have to act upon it in the most responsible, ethical way possible. While it is impossible to do a use case for every single situation, teachers can role play a handful of scenarios around the following “What if” topics to get a compass established on distinguishing right/wrong and productive/destructive in the digital world. These could include: negative interactions, inappropriate material, unauthorized sites, privacy concerns, or encounters that feel unsafe. This exercise will yield a sort of compass to help students navigate through challenging situations.
- Set the Speed Limits: Students sometimes have a tendency to rush through digital practice or tasks to get to the next point, or they spend disproportionate amounts of time meandering through certain sites or tasks. When introducing a new type of learning experience or digital space, students should have an approximate speed zone for how quickly they should expect to pace through that. This metric should be flexible and allow for variation in times on task as self-pacing is a hallmark of personalized learning. Thus, it should be more of a range. To help students flow through these different pacing zones, teachers can use cues like timers to switch between tasks.
- Roadside Assistance: Students should have a clear understanding of how to ask for help when needed. This could be through chat, a digital backchannel like Today’s Meet, or through a visible cue in a face-to-face environment. When many students are learning at a different pace within the personalized classroom, there will be many times when more than one learner needs help. This assistance can range from debugging tech glitches to getting over a comprehension block. Teachers can help ensure they are available for the latter, where their expertise is needed the most, by creating a system for getting tech desk style help from peers. Just as there are classroom helpers for other tasks, students can learn to take on the role of help desk when needed and be available for minor issues during a digital learning rotation. This could also work for academic assistance, empowering subject area peer experts within the class.
- Quiet the Distractions: Teachers can help students understand which tasks require singular focus (like writing or assessment) and which benefit from multitasking (like project work which requires a flow between talking with others, researching, and working). Creating a list of digital tasks and how they should “look, feel, and sound” in both the face-to-face and digital space is helpful to limiting distractions. Students can also be prompted to make their “distraction minion” list of sites they find very tempting and which pull them off task. They could even use a tool like Self-Control to enter them and block them for the academic day. Teachers can also monitor on-task behavior through a tool like GoGuardian which allows teachers to view and take control back from all student devices at once to regulate the flow of activity in a blended setting.
- Traffic Signals: What is the red-light cue? What is the green-light cue? These are helpful signals to establish in a blended environment so that students know when to close or open their devices, and when to put full focus on the screen or on the teacher. In a rotation environment, where activity is flowing between stations or face-to-face and digital learning as a whole-group, these cues help to regulate the transitions smoothly.
- Be Kind and Avoid Road Rage: One of the most important rules of the road is the same whether navigating online or offline...to be a good citizen. Just as students can become frustrated with each other offline, so too can this happen in shared spaces where they may accidentally (or intentionally) erase each other’s work or take an idea from someone. Taking time to establish the right way to interact with each other online AND how to resolve conflicts (often by doing so offline in a face-to-face setting) is essential to helping students become responsible drivers of their own learning.
There are several factors to consider when planning for classroom management in a blended learning environment. Some of these, like those discussed by iSafe in “In the Classroom -- Managing the Digital Classroom”, are teacher-facing responsibilities to empower the teacher as the best conductor of personalized learning. But we also need to inform students of their responsibilities so that they may make the best decisions on the road, where they will be traveling to a different destination at a different speed than others around them. There is value in assessing student aptitude in each of the above areas before handing them the keys. In this manner, teachers can help students ace their driving test and hit the road to success with confidence.
Thursday, August 18, 2016
Earlier this year, I met a young girl who would save my life. Now, I am sharing the story in hopes of finding someone to help her.
I met Thalya when I was exploring becoming a living kidney donor for her. I had received an email from Joe’s school asking for help in finding a Type-O living donor for a young student with late stage kidney disease. I get and dismiss so many emails from them, I’m not sure why I opened this one, but I distinctly recall sitting on my mom’s couch in Florida for the holiday break and telling her, “I think I’m going to look into this.” Over the following weeks, I spoke with several people, from those on the donor team to other living donors. But most importantly, I got to know Thalya’s mom Chantal, who always reminded me that I was not obligated to follow through on donation in any way and that the interest in donation was amazing in itself. She was a wealth of knowledge and a pillar of motherly strength, joy and optimism.
We became friends via calls and emails. When I got to meet Thalya and Chantal in person, Thalya shared openly about her experiences in managing her nutritional plan through dialysis, how she has continued her learning as a high school student outside the school setting, and how she and her mom successfully advocated for music therapy for outpatients, for her and for other children who now benefit from it. We realized we had mutual friends, another amazing mother and daughter combo. I sensed a lifetime of connection in this short meeting and felt sure it was fate I had been led to Thalya. I had no doubt that this experience was meant to be.
When I went through the extensive evaluation process a few weeks later, one of the scans revealed a tumor in my kidney. Since it was in an early stage, it would likely have gone undiscovered for years had I not gone through this process. April was a quick study in nephrology, kidney surgery, and treatment for a phantom disease I didn’t even know I had, and by mid May, it was out and I was declared a survivor though I never had to battle. Now it has moved into the past of my life, a blessing of discovery marked only by a few new scars.
I’ve experienced a lot of emotions through this process. There were moments of fear in the beginning, greatly outshined by optimism and immense gratitude. But a very hard thing to deal with has been the sorrow and disappointment in recognizing I could not help Thalya. Our lives were certainly linked together in fate, but it wasn’t in the hopeful way we had both imagined.
The past few months have made me recognize the power of an instant decision. In the impulsive click of the “Reply” button, I altered a life, even if not the one I thought I would change. Sometimes you meet someone so remarkable it seems unfair every person in the world cannot know and meet them. This is true of Thalya. I feel a debt to Thalya for her strength, for being a kidney soul sister, and for saving my life. My hope is that in sharing this story, I can lead others to explore living donation. It would be wonderful to help find a match for Thalya so that the strength of her body can measure up to her courage, grit, and loving presence. If you are interested or know of anyone who might be, please share the message for us, and email email@example.com for more information.
Tuesday, August 16, 2016
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As schools open again, we often usher in new practices along with our returning student masses. Perhaps this year finds your school going blended in a new way. If that is the case, there is a good chance August faculty trainings included a heavy dose of training to jumpstart classroom practices and spark the imagination of teachers in implementing digital learning. But as we have seen and research supports, dousing teachers with a fire hose of information in August is insufficient to produce impactful and sustainable change.
In Blended Learning inAction, we discuss the importance of building teacher capacity through systems of ongoing faculty training and support. One way to do this is to look for early opportunities of success, the low-hanging fruit we can use to plant seeds of more systematic growth. Such bounty can be found along the following branches:
Who is lighting it up in the class? How can you help reflect that light and spread it? Within every school, there are teachers pushing the edge of innovation. However, they often innovate in silos within a more traditional culture. These teachers are typically connected educators engaging in Twitter chats and idea sharecropping within robust PLNs outside the school, but they remain relatively unknown in this light within their own school communities. Sending a quick survey via Survey Monkey or Google Forms can gauge excitement and proficiency levels around the targeted practices. School leaders can use this data to identify and empower teacher trailblazers to try out new practices and share them with others within the school.
Digital Curriculum Salves
Where is the pain-point in instructional prep? What tool can relieve this pain?
Blended learning involves not just technology integration but the ability for students to learn and demonstrate learning via a digital curriculum tool. These tools are adaptive substitutes for teacher instruction and paper-based resources like textbooks and workbooks. Digital curriculum can reduce prep for teachers stressed to differentiate instruction for various skill levels. Low-hanging fruit can be found in leveraging digital learning to this end. By posing these questions to teachers, school leaders can not only engage teachers in the process but can also help teachers relieve specific pain-points via a digital tool.
What do your classes look like now? Which blended model looks most similar?
The instructional flow of a class can be among the most difficult to change. Teachers and students accustomed to certain class choreography can easily become confused and frustrated in a new sequence. To avoid stepping on toes, it’s helpful to select a model of blended learning closest to the existing practice. The ultimate goal may be a different model, but the low-hanging fruit lies in the incremental.
What existing projects are highlights and points of teacher pride? What are the opportunities to make those connected, collaborative, and more innovative through digital tools?
We as teachers become attached to favorite projects more than anything else in our curriculum. Many projects already tap into creativity and collaboration within the class group; however, it is possible to find opportunities to make them connected beyond the classroom via online discussions, perhaps even with peers from another class or school or country. Further, there is opportunity to create more authentic audience and purpose via digital tools.
Early success found via low-hanging fruit provides opportunity for community celebration and recognition of success at a critical point in the change initiative. This momentum fuels teacher confidence and community sharing, leading to augmented teacher capacity as schools progress through early stages of a blended learning implementation. Share where you have found low-hanging fruit in your classrooms via #blinaction!
Friday, August 12, 2016
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As a blended learning specialist, I spend significant time thinking and talking about technology, and within this process, reframing the role of the teacher from “sage on the stage” to “guide on the side”. But in my approach to blended learning in action, the teacher remains core to the experience. This is because the power of human connection cannot be replaced by gamified, adaptive software interaction. I am reminded of this again and again when I hear from my former students who have pursued life paths funded by emotional currency exchanged years ago between a passionate teacher and their younger selves.
This morning I was reminded of the power of this emotional currency through a creativity exercise. I’m working through Julia Cameron's The Artist's Way to bring my creative energies to a peak, and today’s learning prompted me to uncover “creativity monsters” in my past, individuals who (perhaps inadvertently) caused creativity scars. Of the three I thought of, two were teachers, and one I remembered vividly from early elementary – Mr. Jones, my music teacher. As I thought about Mr. Jones, I thought about my younger self and her interactions with him. I recalled identifying as a singer when I was little; I loved music and envisioned myself frequently being chosen to sing the National Anthem in class. There was a talented girl who always sang it, Katie, and when Katie sang it, the sound was so otherworldly to me. But Katie was in the choir, so I thought if I joined and learned, I could sound like her. I remember the day I auditioned, nervous and standing alongside Mr. Jones’s traveling keyboard. It was bad; I didn’t make the choir. I failed a subsequent test in music on memorizing one of the scales, something that led to my only report card F of my academic career. From second grade on, I never sang aloud whether in school or in life. I declared myself a “bad singer” who “lacked a musical bone in her body”.
Five years ago, I had a highly contrasting experience in a music class as I had the wonderful opportunity to have a lesson from a former Grandview colleague, Michael Yanette, who offered to teach me how to sing the new school song. He had taken the beautiful poetic creed and put it to music that year, one of the numerous ways he had woven love of music through every inch of Grandview’s fabric. Shortly after his arrival, students could be heard singing all the time in and out of classes; seniors who had hated or been indifferent to music class were lining up to join the musical; the Grandview halls were “alive with the sound of music”. Mr. Yanette was magic. I entered his classroom full of nerves. It took a while for him to get me to sing beyond a whisper, but within the hour I was singing and laughing alongside him, full of joy. I told him it was my first music lesson since I could opt out in sixth grade. More importantly, it was the first positive music lesson of my life. I hugged him and left in joyful, grateful tears.
In contemplating these contrasting experiences this morning, I thought of so many other powerful moments of human connection I experienced firsthand as a student, later created as a teacher, and after witnessed as a leader. In the span of seconds, we as educators have the power to ignite curiosity and channel it into creative magic…or we have the power to leave a creativity scar. This is true in every discipline where the greatest measure of student learning can be seen in creative problem solving and authentic application of skills learned.
It is also possible to build this human connection through technology that brings teachers and students closer together and contributes to a deeper, multifaceted understanding of the student. I’ve experienced such a moment when I was teaching a composition class from New York to students in Florida, and a “normally silent” student opened up via chat about her writer’s block, a conversation that led to her sharing some creativity scarring she had experienced, and the eventual a release of her block. It was “constructive feedback” of mine that had contributed to her block, but through a more constructive sharing, it was emotional currency that had empowered her to move it.
A device is not a teacher, and while it is essential we power-up our classrooms with digital connectivity, that action alone is not the mechanism for student empowerment. This remains in the hearts and minds of teachers who passionately seek out the innate seeds of student curiosity, lovingly cultivate them, and creatively direct them to the light of growth. Thus, as we design ways to connect more classes, we must do diligence in designing ways to support teachers in this change. In this manner, we can avoid leaving scars that block their practices and instead spark their creativity so that they may continually uphold the critical responsibility of human connection contained within each momentary student-teacher interaction.
Friday, April 1, 2016
Having just spent a couple days engaged in stimulating conversations and explorations at the Redbird Personalized Learning Symposium, I’m exhausted... but also incredibly excited! Experiencing the mash up of innovative voices from the field, Stanford research, EdCamp PD, and design thinking @ Google is a little like dancing through an all-night learning rave. It’s a lot of learning action! Now that I’ve sat still for a total of two hours, I’m reflecting on the takeaways and trying to put my finger on what made this style of PD so powerful. And more importantly, how can I create this for teachers and students at my school?
There were a lot of sound bytes, videos, snaps, and tweets generating the in-action buzz. Along the way, I heard several that resonated with me. But, taking a look at the whole story via Storify helped me to reflect on the whole experience and pull out what some keys could be to recreating this style of highly engaged learning. Here’s what the story told me...
- It starts with excitement & connectivity. People were already pumped to see each other, connect with others and collaborate. The prequel to the learning mattered, and mostly it was excitement about the human connection and collaboration potential.
- A relevant, unconventional, and inspirational message can help engage everyone. Who can’t relate to loving kids and Tribe Called Quest? We need to take time to galvanize the whole. Not everyone was with us on Twitter pre-PLS, so having Jason and Matt sharing out the message was essential. But, keeping it brief also respected the goal of engagement and personalization so we could get moving.
- Learning involves partnering with amazing folks. In his work with school districts, Jason Green has a wealth of information around personalized and blended learning to share, but he and the Redbird team recognized the importance of passing the mic. Beyond some prominent trailblazers like Catlin Tucker, Dr. Arnetha Ball, Jaime Casap, Kerry Gallagher, and Hadley Ferguson, we heard from each other...everyone had a voice. As I’m thinking about this in my school, I’m left asking, what partners can I engage to take PD to the next level? What partnerships can help us take student learning to the next level. Part of teacher and leader burnout comes from this longstanding notion that we have to create everything. What if we created nothing but experiences through partnerships both within our schools and outside of them?
- It’s personalized. There was nothing on that EdCamp board at 9 AM, and as there were many people experiencing EdCamp style PD for the first time, there were some nerves around how it would work...or if it would work. But the magic of letting go of control and trusting in the personalization process was hard to deny as that board filled up and important conversations took place. As we head into PD experiences, how can we create this type of agency and choice for teachers?
- It’s creative and inspires even more creativity. At Google, we had some heavy creativity hitting to accomplish on a timer as we traveled through the design thinking process to yield models of the future classrooms. It was about 30 minutes of intense thinking, pushing boundaries, sharing, and trying to somehow develop a model or symbol of the concept. As my team at Table 1 (woot!) discussed an idea to open up courses and learning experiences to students in partner schools and around the world via a learning share, I had the thought...when is the last time I saw such an outcome in a 30 minute learning session in a classroom? We’re talking about #transforminglearning in 30 minutes. And there were so many other examples too, my favorite being the wonderfully creative learning doodles by Kato Nims (@KatoNims129) shared throughout the whole experience.
- It’s fun. I’ll admit, I have no idea how I will use my Snapchat account created in the last EdCamp breakout session, but I had a great time bonding with everyone and learning from some Snapchat Jedis. And whether I use it or not, I want to understand it, so the knowledge was so valuable to me...as were the silly pictures. We had fun throughout the experience, whether hopping on bikes at Google, tinkering with playdough, or just goofing off. All this fun and serious learning too.
- The outcomes are the start, not the end. When I walked away today, I had a lot of ideas, some in doodles and others scratched out as challenge statements with fragments of a plan. I had a fuzzy vision of what I wanted to do next to continue iterating. When we engage in truly meaningful learning, our outcomes are the most exciting start to a new segment of our journey, not the conclusion. Further, when we start with connectivity, great learning is the start of new, empowering friendships.
For the full story, check out the #redbirdpls storify.
Wednesday, March 30, 2016
In my work with schools, I am often asked the question, How can I tell if the teacher PD around blended learning is working? What can I see in the classroom? These questions speak to the recognized nuance of effective blended practice. Kids on devices does not mean learning is taking place.
As the goal of blended practice is to personalize the learning for students, there should be evidence of this personalization in play when we walk into a classroom. In a classroom rotation model, where students move from station to station in small groups, the following indicators provide such evidence.
1. Different Paths at the Digital Station
Students should be engaged with digital curriculum that offers at least a few different learning paths. For example, if students are on IXL practicing grammar, teachers or students should have selected lessons aligned to individual or at least small group needs.
A personalized environment allows for students to participate as drivers of their own learning. In a rotation classroom, there are many opportunities to provide choice to students.
o Project-based learning station with project options catered to different learning modes
o Digital curriculum which allows students to choose a skill or starting point
o The use of choice boards or personalized learning logs which empower students to choose their path and reflect on it
The best blended classrooms do not rely solely on digital curriculum to engage learners. Students need to share their learning with each other and learn from peers. Rotations designed to include student voice may offer
o Discussion threads
o Sharing via tools like Padlet
o Student blogging
o Face-to-face presentations of learning
4. Strategic Grouping and Different Lessons
A common feature of the classroom rotation model is the teacher station where small groups rotate into a mini lesson by the teacher. If designed with differentiation in mind, these mini lessons should be catered to the different groups and the groups should be formed strategically considering the following:
o Different skills (finding textual evidence v. developing topics sentences in writing)
o Learning modes (more visuals, tinkering, auditory, discussion)
o Preferred learning flow (ex: are some students better at learning when they can tinker first then watch then discuss, while others are more suited to a traditional flow of discuss – watch – tinker)
A sign that teachers may be missing the mark in a rotation station model is when all students are doing essentially the same thing but in small groups and in a different order. However, this is also a very natural stage through which teachers pass as they hone their blended practice. It is therefore important to recognize the growth in implementing some important component of a classroom rotation model (e.g. using digital curriculum, setting up different stations, monitoring transitions via routine) while providing feedback targeting deep personalization.